Influence of Stakeholders in Project Monitoring and Evaluation on Sustainability of Water Projects in Kwanza Sub-County Kenya
The objective of the study was to find out the influence of stakeholders in project monitoring and evaluation on sustainability of water projects in Kwanza Sub-county. The study was guided by Community Participation Theory and Sustainability Theory. A descriptive survey research design was used. The target population of the study was 32,181 households in Kwanza Sub-County, Trans-Nzoia County. The researchers used the Sekaran sample size determination formula to obtain a sample size of 380 households. The researchers used simple random sampling to select the households. The study used a questionnaire to collect data. The researchers pre-tested the questionnaire on 38 households in the neighboring Kiminini Constituency. The researchers ensured and enhanced the validity of the data collection instrument by seeking advice from two experts on matters of water and irrigation. The researchers used the split-half method to compute the reliability of the instrument. The researchers observed ethical consideration such as informed consent, and confidentiality. Data analysis was aided by SPSS computer software. Quantitative data was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Descriptive analysis generated frequencies, percentages, proportions, mean and standard deviation while inferential analysis generated Pearson’s correlation to show the association between the dependent and the independent variable. The study found that there was a significant moderate positive correlation between stakeholder participation in monitoring and evaluation and sustainability of water projects, where the Spearman's rho(r) = 0.496, p=0.010, CL=95%.The study recommends that the government and other development agencies should enhance stakeholder participation in project monitoring and evaluation for sustainability of water projects for faster realization of Kenya Vision 2030 goals. Further studies should be conducted to establish the moderating effect of project leadership on the relationship between stakeholder participation and sustainability of water projects in Kwanza Sub-County, Kenya
Article Views and Downloands Counter
Anderson, K. P., & Ostrom, E. (2008). Analyzing decentralized resource regimes from polycentric perspectives. Policy Sciences, 41(1), 71-93.
Awortwi, N. (2012). The riddle of community development: factors influencing participation and management in twenty-nine African and Latin American Communities. Community Development Journal, 48(1) 89-104.
Challa, D. (2011). An assessment of urban water supply and sanitation, the case of Ambo Town. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Cheruiyot, J. (2012). Effectives of the application of project management cycle strategy on the success of youth projects: A case study of youth enterprise development funded group projects in Nakuru North District, Kenya. Unpublished project report.
Chitonge, H. (2014). Cities beyond networks: The status of water services for the urban poor in African cities. African Studies, 73(1), 58 – 83.
Enfors, E. (2009). Traps and transformations, exploring the potential of water system innovations in dry land sub-Saharan Africa. Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University. Ph.D. thesis.
Gaynor, N. (2013). The tyranny of participation revisited: international support to local governance in Burundi. Community Development Journal, May 31.
GDN (2009). Global Development Network: Working paper series governance in water supply. Stéphane Straub, Working Paper No. 11. Washington, USA.
Ika, L. A. (2009). Project success as a topic in project management journals. Project Management Journal, 40(4), 6 - 19.
Jansz, S. (2011). A Study into rural water supply sustainability in Niassa Province, Mozambique. Water Aid.
Kahiga C. M. (2011). Factors influencing effectiveness of monitoring and evaluation of constituency development funded projects: A case of Kuresoi Constituency, Nakuru County, Kenya. Unpublished research project.
KNBS. (2009), Kenya Population and Housing Census. Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, Nairobi, Kenya.
Mulai, M. E. (2011). Role of board governors in the management of secondary schools in Kasikeu Division, Nzaui District, Kenya. (unpublished research).
Njon, A. J. (2010). Municipal councils, international NGOs and citizen participation in public infrastructure development in rural settlements in Cameroon. Habitat International 36(1): 101-110.
Nyandemo, S. & Kongere, T. (2010). Project management, from design to implementation. Richmond Designers and Printers.
Nyonje, R., Ndunge, D. & Mulwa, S. (2012). Monitoring and evaluation of projects and programmes. A handbook for students and practitioners. Aura Books.
Oraro, J. (2012). Determinants of delays in construction of community water projects in district. A Case of GOK UNICEF WASH Programme. (M.A Thesis). University of Nairobi. Nairobi, Kenya.
Orodho, J. A. (2009). Elements of education and social science research methods. Nairobi/Maseno, 126-133.
Owuor, S. & Foeken, D. (2012). From self- help group to water company: The Wandiege Community Water Supply Project (Kisumu, Kenya) Transforming innovations in Africa. Explorative Studies on Appropriation in African Societies, 127-147.
Project Management Institute (2013). A guide to project management body of knowledge. (PMBOK Guide) 5th Edition. United States of America.
Rockstrom, J., Falkenmark, M., Karlberg, L., Hoff, H., Rost, S, & Gerten, D. (2009). Future water availability for global food production: The potential of green water for increasing resilience to global change. Water Resources 45. Doi: 10.1029/2007WR006767.
Sekaran, U. (2003). Research methods for business (4th Ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Schuster-Wallace, C. J., Grover, V. I., Adeel, Z., Confalonieri, U., Elliott, S. (2008). Safe water as the key to global health. United Nations. University International Network on Water, Environment and Health (UNUINWEH).
United Nations. (2012). The Millennium Development Goals Report 2012. New York.
UNEP/SEI. (2009). Rainwater Harvesting: A lifeline for human wellbeing: A report prepared for UNEP. Stockholm Environment Institute. ISBN 978-72-807-3019-7, www.unep.org/depi/
United Nations. (2008). The millennium development goals report 2008. Retrieved from http://wdgs.un.org Accessed October, 2013.
Vohland, K., & Boubacar, B. (2009). A review of in situ rainwater harvesting (RWH) practices modifying landscape functions in African dry lands. AgrEcosyst Environ 131(3–4):119–127.
Wisser, D., Frolking, S., Douglas, E. M, Fekete, B., Schumann, A. & Vo¨ro¨smarty, J. (2010). The significance of local water resources captured in small reservoirs for crop production—a global scale analysis. J Hydrol 384:264–275.
Copyright (c) 2020 Africa Journal of Technical and Vocational Education and Training
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.Copyright Notice Copyright of published articles is held by AfriTVET. No limitation will be placed on the personal freedom of authors to copy or to use in subsequent work, material contained in their papers. Please contact the Publisher for clarification if you are unsure of the use of copyright material. Apart from fair dealing for the purposes of research and private study, or criticism and or review, this publication may only be reproduced, stored or transmitted, in any form or by any means, with the prior permission in writing of the Publishers.