Strategy Control, an Essence for Competitive Academic Performance of Secondary Schools in Kenya
Education and knowledge play a critical role in ensuring survival of any nation in the global economy leading to emphasis on quality outcomes of education. Strategic management is a major managerial practice for any organization’s survival in the modern competitive operating environment. The purpose of the study was to establish whether schools adopt strategic management practices and their influence on competitive academic performance. Strategic management practices were devided into specific objectives of environmental scanning, strategy formulation, strategy implementation and strategy control. This study specifically concentrated on the role of strategy control in competitive academic performance of secondary schools. The study was conducted in the counties of Meru, Embu, Tharaka Nithi, Kitui and Machakos and informed by Stakeholder and Contingency Theories of Strategic Management. The study adopted survey design with a target population of public secondary school principals with a frame of 919. Random sampling was done from strata derived from the counties with a sample of 273 based on survey monkey formula. Data was collected through questionnaires, and analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics using ANOVA models. The findings indicated that schools monitored and reviewed strategy implementation to ascertain whether they were on course in the implementation of the strategies. Overall strategy control practice was found to have a significant influence on competitive academic performance. It is recommended that strategic management training be extended to all school principals, who should embrace strategy control because it is the only way of making sure implementation of strategies is on course, and where it is not initiated corrective action should be undertaken. Strategy control tools must be customized to the schools unique operating environment so that the implementers remain focused thereby reducing wastage of scarce resources. Finally, the study recommends that principals should be allowed to complete at least two cycles of strategic management in one school for their strategic management capabilities to be reflected in academic performance and hence used for articulation of proper decisions.
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