A Review of the Status of TVET Institutions in the Revitalization of the Collapsed Textile Industry in Kenya
AbstractTechnical and vocational Education and Training (TVET) is considered a driving force for a sustainable textile industrial development in the world. In Kenya, the industry was one of the major sources of foreign exchange earners for the country in the 1980’s. It however collapsed in the early 1990’s. It is currently considered in the Government policy ‘Kenya Vision 2030’ as having a potential of reducing poverty by providing employment to more than 8 million people. In its effort to bring to life the collapsed textile industries, the government has revived the Rift Valley Textiles in Eldoret and it is in the process of reviving the collapsed Kisumu Cotton Mills and Mount Kenya Cotton Textiles. Further, concerted efforts are being focused on cotton research especially Bacillus thuringiensis cotton production, at the same time, plans are underway to ban the importation of second hand clothes. However, the government is faced with the challenge of inadequate supply of trained skilled manpower. TVET institutions are expected to play a vital role in the production of skilled labor to facilitate the revitalization of the textile industry in Kenya. In order to determine the status of training in textile and apparel courses in Kenyan TVET institutions, a database of the existing TVET institutions offering textile, and apparel courses was developed. From the database it was established that some vital textile engineering courses were not being offered by any of the TVET institutions. Additionally, it was established that none of the technical universities was offering bachelor’s degree in any of the textile related courses. From the database developed, Jeremiah Nyaga Technical Training Institute was found to offer a diverse range of textile related courses and hence proposed to be considered as a center of excellence in textile training. There is need for regular review of the textile curriculum in conjunction with textile industrial players so as to be at par with the needs of the industry. The paper was based on secondary data and documents obtained from published and unpublished literature sourced from journals, books, papers and the internet. The information obtained from this study is important for the ministry of education in developing policies that will inform a skilled-based curriculum for textile related courses in TVET institutions.
ACTIF. (2012). Analysis of textile & clothing training institutions in the East-Southern Africa. Retrieved from: www.actifafrica.com/viewdocument.php?docid=8
CODA. (2008). Strategic plan 2008/09 – 2012/2013. Cotton Development Authority. Nairobi
CODA. (2009). Developing cotton industry in Kenya. Pamba News Bulletin issue, 001.Google Scholar
Ikitoo. E. C., Onzere, B. B., Karani, E. W., & Maobe, S. N. (1989). Cotton agronomy research in Eastern Kenya and Kerio Valley. In KARI-NFRC Annual Report. 23-35.
Ministry of Education. (2013). The technical and vocational education and training act, 2013. Retrieved from www.education.go.ke/index.php/downloads/file/110-the-technical-and-vocational-education-and-training-act-2013
Otunga . R., & Nyandusi, C. (2009). The Context of curriculum development in Kenya. (Online) Accessed on June 10 2018 from http://international.iupui.edu/kenya/resources/ Curriculum-Development.pdf
TVETA. (n.d.). Acredited TVET institutions. Accessed on 10 June, 2018 from http://www.tvetauthority.go.ke/acredited-institutions-2/
Copyright (c) 2019 Africa Journal of Technical and Vocational Education and Training
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.Copyright Notice Copyright of published articles is held by AfriTVET. No limitation will be placed on the personal freedom of authors to copy or to use in subsequent work, material contained in their papers. Please contact the Publisher for clarification if you are unsure of the use of copyright material. Apart from fair dealing for the purposes of research and private study, or criticism and or review, this publication may only be reproduced, stored or transmitted, in any form or by any means, with the prior permission in writing of the Publishers.