Morphological Characterization of Vine Spinach (Basella Alba l. and Rubra l.) in Western Kenya

  • Oyugi, J. University of Eldoret, Eldoret, Kenya
  • Maina F. N. W University of Eldoret, Eldoret, Kenya
  • Rop, N. K. University of Eldoret, Eldoret, Kenya
Keywords: Basella alba, Basella rubra, morphotypes

Abstract

Vine spinach is an important African leafy vegetable in Western Kenya. It is highly nutritious and is a good source of Vitamins A and C, calcium, iron and potassium. It is also source of income for farmers and traders especially women who market indigenous vegetables. It is also valued for its medicinal properties as its shoots can be used as a diuretic or laxative, and to treat boils and sores. The roots can be used to treat diarrhea. However, it is regarded as a rare or lost vegetable or orphan crop as far as breeding improvement is concerned in Kenya. There are no reports of hybrids in cultivation or in the wild for in the world. This needs to be addressed to for proper utilization of this crop as well as to avoid of different genotypes. Genetic augmentation of any crop begins with the assessment of genetic diversity in the area using morphological descriptors. The objective of this study was therefore to characterize various types of vine spinach in an effort to assess the genetic diversity found in Kisii County of Western Kenya. General descriptors such as colour of the leaf, petiole, stem and flower; stem shape; growth habit were used to identify various morphotypes. Leaf length and width were also measured. Statistical analysis for leaf length and width was done using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and means were separated using Fisher’s Least Significant Difference (LSD). Statistical package used was GENSTAT. Morphotypes were identified using descriptors found in literature. Five vine spinach morphotypes were identified. These belonged to Basella alba and Basella rubra. Data obtained can be used by breeders their efforts to come up with high yielding morphotypes (that are well adapted to local ecological conditions) to supply to farmers.

Article Views and Downloands Counter


Download data is not yet available.

References

Abukutsa-Onyango, M. O. (2007). The Diversity of cultivated African Leafy Vegetables in three communities in Western Kenya. African Journal of Food Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 7(3): 1-15

Beggs, C. J., & Wellmann, E. (1994). Photocontol ofFlavonoid Biosynthesis In R. F. Kendrick, & G. H. Korenberg, (Eds.) ,2nd Edition Photomorphogenesis in Plants Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands.

Bioversity International. (2007). Guidelines for the development of crop descriptor lists.

Bioversity Technical Bulleti Series. Bioversity International, Rome, Italy. Xii pp. 72. Chand, N., Vishwaama, S. R., Verma, 0. P., & Manoj, K. (2008). Worth of genetic parameters to sort out new elite barely lines over heterogeneous environments. Barley Genet. Newsletter, 38: 10-13.

Elzebroek, T., & Wind, K. (2008). Guide to cultivated plants, CARI.vii-xi+ 516 pp.

Kochlar, P. L. & H. N. Krishnamoorthy, (1992). A Textbook of Plant Physiology, 7th Edition. Atma Ram and Sons, New Delhi, India.

Medagam, T. R., Hameedunnisa, B., Neelam, S., Pandravada, S. R., Natarajan S., & Sashi K., (2014). Preliminary characterization and evaluation of landraces of Indian spinach (Basella spp. L.) for agro-economic and quality traits plant.

Breed. Biotech. 2014 (March) 2(1):48�63. http://dx.doi.org/l 0.9787/PBB.2014.2.1.048

Munsell Color. (1977). Munsell color Charts for Plant Tissues, Macbeth Division of Kollmorgen Corporation. Baltimore Maryland, USA

Pasquini, M. W., Drescher, A. W., (2009). African indigenous vegetables in urban agriculture. Shackleton W. (Ed.), Earthscan,: 81-2

PROTA. (2017). PROTA4U web database. In: PROTA4U web database Wageningen and Nairobi, Netherlands\Kenya: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. https://www.prota4u.org/ database/

PROT A. (2018). Basel/a alba. https://uses.planet- project.org/en/Basella _ alba _(PROTA).

Runkle, E. (2018). Causes of flower bud abortion. gpnmag.com/article/causes of flower

Walingo, A., Lungaho, C. Shibaro, S. (2001). Market survey of indigenous vegetables in W estem Kenya. In Africa Crop Science Conference Proceedings Vol. 5 Lagos 22-6 October 2001: PP. 665-669.
Published
2022-02-04
How to Cite
J., O., W, M., & K., R. (2022). Morphological Characterization of Vine Spinach (Basella Alba l. and Rubra l.) in Western Kenya. Africa Journal of Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 7(1), 169-176. Retrieved from http://afritvet.org/index.php/Afritvet/article/view/149