Female Participation in Technical, Vocational Education and Training in Nigeria: Yaba College of Technology as a Case Study
In recent times, there has been a global rise in the consciousness of the impact of gender issues in education and national development. Despite the documented benefits to economic and social development of women and the constitutional guarantee for equal rights under the law to all citizens, the advancement of the status of women in Nigeria is still far from satisfactory. Elimination of gender disparity at all levels of education is one of the major global goals in the pursuit of sustainable development. This paper therefore aims to analyze the pattern of gender enrolment in Nigerian polytechnics with a focus on Yaba College of Technology (YCT) for five academic sessions. Data was collected from the Center for Information Technology Management, YCT and from relevant publications. Findings reveal that there has been improvement in few polytechnics including Yaba College of Technology (YCT), however, there exists disparity in favour of males in engineering programmes. Analysis of gender enrolment status in YCT shows that the Gender Parity Index (GPI) increased from 0.72 in 2014/2015 to 0.85 in 2018/2019 academic session. It was observed that female enrolments increased for higher national diploma for the same courses with low participation in national diploma and a generally low participation of females in the STEM programmes was observed but with improvement in industrial maintenance engineering, computer science, physics, and statistics. GPI analysis indicated that parity had been reached for chemistry, physics with electronics, statistics, and agricultural extension and management programmes in YCT. Mainstreaming the gender perspective in all policy planning, implementation and evaluation activities is necessary at bridging gender inequality in the educational sector so as to fully explore the competence, experience and potential of women.
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