Effect of Community Empowerment on Human Development in Vihiga County, Kenya

  • Kapchanga N Martin Kenyatta University, Nairobi
  • Njenga, M Peter Kenyatta University, Nairobi
Keywords: Community Empowerment, empowerment fund, capacity building, development


Community empowerment is a very crucial element for the development of lower levels of society. Its benefits cannot be underestimated in socio-economic and political development hence the need for its investment in its potential. There has been a neglect in women empowerment and capacity building at community levels. Therefore, this study sought to evaluate the effects of community empowerment funds on human development in Vihiga County of Kenya. It also focuses on the role of capacity building and women networking in the community as a means of development. The study adopted a descriptive survey design and stratified sampling technique to select a sample size of 384 women respondents from a study target of 12,000 members of microfinance institutions in Vihiga County. The study was anchored in the theory of empowerment. The study adopted with multivariate regression model to analyze study findings. The study established that through the community empowerment fund, schools were easily accessible for all children (60.2%), hospitals were affordable and easily accessible (67.2%), infrastructural development such as roads had generally improved (39.1%) and community projects had been brought to completion with ease. Concerning capacity building, 52.3% of the women found out that it contributed to development socially and economically while women networking emerged as a critical parameter for women empowerment in gaining access to loans/funds and access to relevant information needed for initiating and operating community development. Similarly, the community empowerment fund has played a role in education, initiating new projects, and financing existing projects for the welfare of the community. The study concludes that empowerment fund, community-based groups like networking are very important elements of supporting the developmental initiative in the society since it has changed the perception of peoples on development in Vihiga County of Kenya. The study further recommended that funds should be made available at affordable interest rates so as to invest in projects that improves human well-being such as learning institutions at technical and vocational training institutions and other projects that promotes human development. The study is significant to government agencies, non-governmental organizations and well-wishers who have interest in the well-being of the people.

Article Views and Downloands Counter

Download data is not yet available.


Bell, C. (2014). The changing relationship between England and Scotland could confuse equality provision north of the border. Democratic Audit Blog Blewitt, J. (2014).Understanding sustainable development. Routledge.

Braithwaite, R. L., & Lythcott, N. (1989). Community empowerment as a strategy for health promotion for black and other minority populations. Jama, 261(2), 282-283.

Duflo, E. (2012). Community Empowerment and Economic Development. Journal of Economic Literature, 5 0( 4 ), 1051-1079.

Hur, M. H. (2006). Empowerment in terms of theoretical perspectives: Exploring a typology of the process and components across disciplines. Journal of community psychology, 34(5), 523-540.

Karra, M., & Lissner, C. (2016). Community-Based Financing of Family Planning in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review. Studies in Family Planning, 47( 4), 325-339

Mason, E., & Azad, K. (2014). From evidence to action to deliver a healthy start for the next generation. The Lancet, 384(9941), 455-467.

Montgomerie, J., & Budenbender, M. (2015). Round the houses: Home ownership and failures of asset-based welfare in the United Kingdom. New Political Economy, 20(3), 386-405.

Wawire, N. H., & Nafukho, F. M. (2010). Factors affecting the management of women groups' micro and small enterprises in Kakamega District, Kenya. Journal of European industrial training. Vol. 34 No. 2, 2010 pp. 128-152

Nampila, T. (2005). Assessing community participation: The Huidare informal settlement Doctoral dissertation, Stellenbosch: University of Stellenbosch.

Nussbaum, M. (1995). Human capabilities, female human beings. Women, Culture and Development: A Study of Human Capabilities, ISBN: 978018289647, Oxford Scholarship DOI: 10.1093/0198289642.001.0001

Obaidullah, M., & Shirazi, N. S. (2014). Integrating philanthropy with microfinance: Models of community empowerment. In Social Impact Finance (pp. 75-96). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Perkins, D. D., & Zimmerman, M.A. (1995). Empowerment theory, research, and application. American journal of community psychology, 23(5), 569-579.

PHAN, L. (2013). Women's Empowerment and Fertility Changes. International Journal of Sociology of the Family, 39(112), 49-75.

Rappaport, J. (1981). In praise of paradox: A social policy of empowerment over prevention. American Journal of Community Psychology, 9, 1-25. Rappaport] 9 American Journal of Community Psychology 1981.

Rehman, S., & Ahmed, F. (2017). Pakistan's devolved family planning services: Poor governance may be the main issue. International Journal of Accounting and Economics Studies, 5(1),51-54.

Republic of Kenya. (2014). Vihiga County Integrated Development Plan 2013-2018. County Government of Vihiga, Maragoli. Kenya

Republic of Kenya. (2016). Kenya National Consultation Workshop on CGIAR Site Integration: Brief Report. https://cgspace.cgiar.org/handle/1094 7 /4224 ?show=full

Sarker, D., & Chakrabarti, S. (2013). Indicators and impact of empowerment: Evidence from flower trading community in West Bengal. Social and Economic Studies, 62(112), 201-225.

Tones, K., & Tilford, S. (2001). Health promotion: effectiveness, efficiency and equity. ISBN-IO: 0412551101, ISBN-13: 978-0412551109. Nelson Thomes.

Zimmerman, M.A. (1993, April). Empowerment theory: Where do we go from here. In Annual meeting of the Midwest Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.
How to Cite
Martin, K., & Peter, N. (2022). Effect of Community Empowerment on Human Development in Vihiga County, Kenya. Africa Journal of Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 7(1), 158-168. https://doi.org/10.69641/afritvet.2022.71148