Training Opportunities and Youth Participation in Development Agenda in Kenya

  • Musabi Antony Barasa Sigalagala National Polytechnic, Kenya
Keywords: Training opportunities, Youth Participation


Youth participation in county development projects continues to worsen, even though they form the majority of the population. The reasons as to why youth have been reluctant to be engaged in development agenda and are pushed to periphery of decision making despite their massive numbers has escalated debate among scholars and researchers on what determines youth participation in development projects. The study examined the influence of training opportunities on young people participation in county development agenda with the particular focus on the rationale for their participation behaviors. The target population was 2000 youths with sample size 333. Explanatory survey research design was used to show cause effect relationship between training opportunities and youth participation. Structured questionnaires were used and researcher tested validity of instruments by discussing them with experts. Reliability was tested using cronbach alpha for consistency of data. Test / retest technique was done during pilot testing to test reliability of research instruments. SPSS was used for data analysis, presentation done using tables for easier communication of findings. The study findings revealed a positive high correlation between training opportunities and youth participation in Development projects (R= 0.79). This further showed that training opportunities positively influenced youth participation in development projects in Kakamega County. In conclusion, training increased youth participation in development agenda in Kakamega County. From the study results, it was recommended that government formulates policy measures and programs that champion creation of training opportunities for youth so as to involve them in development projects. This study will mitigate existing different and conflicting opinions on the training opportunities and youth participation in development.

Article Views and Downloands Counter

Download data is not yet available.


AU. (2013). African Youth Charter.

Awiti, J & Scott, S. (2016 ). The challenges faced by small and medium enterprises (SMEs)in obtaining credit in Ghana. Blekinge, Sweden: Blekinge Institute of Management.

Hair, J., Black, W., Babin, B., Anderson, R. & Tatham, R. (2006). Multivariate data analysis.6 ed, Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River.

Harel, U. & Zvulun (2018). Making it easier to set-up and grow a business.

Kanyinga, K. (2014). Factors that influence the Kenya youth entrepreneurs toward Youth Enterprise Development Fund: A case study of Gatundu South District, Kenya. International Journal of Education and Research. Vol.1 No. 5 May 2013

Kirbiš, A., Flere, S., Friš, D., Krajnc, M. T., & Cupar, T. (2011). Predictors of conventional, protest, and civic participation among Slovenian youth: A test of civic voluntarism model. International Journal of Sociology, 47(3),182-207.

Mugenda, O. & Mugenda, A. (2003). Research methods: Quantitative and qualitative approaches. Nairobi: African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS) Press.

Mumbua, S. (2015). Factors influencing youth participation in development projects: A case of Maili Saba Slum, Njiru Subcounty - Nairobi, Kenya.

Mang'eni, B. T. (2010). Determinants of youth participation in CDF development projects: A case of CDF projects in Funyula Constituency. Thesis. UON.

Njeru, L. K. & Mwangi, J. G. (2017). Influence of gender differences on youth participation in agriculture in Kajiado North Sub County, Kenya, International Journal of Development and Sustainability, Vol. 6 No. 8, pp. 851-861

OECD (2009).The impact of the global crisis on SME and Entrepreneurship Financing and Policy Responses.

Print, Q. (2017). Citizen Education and Youth Participation in Democracy: findings of a survey in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. African Development Bank Group. Working Paper No.146.
How to Cite
Barasa, M. (2023). Training Opportunities and Youth Participation in Development Agenda in Kenya. Africa Journal of Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 8(1), 101-110. Retrieved from