Effects of Industrial Attachment on Competency-Based Training in TVET Institutions in Kenya
AbstractKnowledge-based training is an approach which puts emphasis on acquisition of theoretical knowledge without the necessary practical skills. Technical, Vocational Education and Training (TVET) is an extreme opposite and emphasizes use of Science, Technology and Innovation. At the moment training opportunities are being designed around competencies which are established for each career field and for each job title. Competency-based performance is a current concept in business and government. Competency is a cluster of related knowledge, skills, and attitudes that affects a major part of ones job that correlates with performance on the job, that can be measured against well-accepted standards, and that can be improved via training and development. The general purpose of this study was to establish the significance of industrial attachment on competence-based training. The study focused on 13 Technical Training Institutions (TTIs) in North Rift in Kenya. The research employed a survey research design. Simple random sampling was used to select a representative sample of 100 respondents and questionnaires were used to collect the data. Validity and Reliability of the instruments was established through cronbach reliability test. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data and it was done at 95% level of confidence. Findings show that: 86% of the respondents indicated the time allocated for industrial attachment was not adequate; 66% of the respondents said that there was mismatch between relevance of skills acquired and industries made trainees feel incompetent. The study recommends that the industries should constantly be in collaboration with the training institutions. Secondly, the industries should donate some new technology equipment and that these institutions should adapt continuous reinforcement-based industrial attachment to enhance competency based training. In a continuous reinforcement schedule the desired behavior is reinforced each and every time it occurs. This continuous schedule is used during the first stages of learning in order to create a strong association between the behavior and the response.
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