Relationship between Behavior and College Students Academic Performance: The Case of the National Institute of Transport in Tanzania

  • Daudi A Katopol National Institute of Transport, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • Benignus Otmar National Institute of Transport, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Keywords: Contextual factors, College, Academic Performance, Behaviors, Learning


This paper attempts to shed light on the extent of the influence of students behaviors to their learning initiatives. The study aimed at exploring strategies that may assist college students to invest full concentration in their studies in an effort to improve their academic performance. The target population included students at the National Institute of Transport in Dar es Salaam. Qualitative data was analyzed by using content analysis and quantitative data was analyzed by using descriptive statistics. The first phase involved a distribution of structured questionnaires to the selected respondents. In this phase, the researchers explored responses with the aim of identifying the level of students perceptions on the influence of their behavior on their academic performance at the college. In the second phase the researchers conducted three Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with selected respondents. This aimed at developing deeper understanding of behavioral and environmental factors influencing students academic performance both within the college and beyond. The findings revealed that, majority of the students spent much of their time thinking and engaging themselves in activities that would sustain their daily needs, thus distorting the level of concentration in their studies. Moreover, stress levels in most of the respondents were significant and required immediate rescue plan by the college. The findings for this study also identified the need for mitigating strategies to curb the identified challenges and propose new areas for future behavioral research. It is concluded that any strategy or policy established to assist students to have excellent academic performance requires attention on the behavioral patterns affecting students performance.

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How to Cite
Katopol, D., & Otmar, B. (2016). Africa Journal of Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 1(1), 168-178. Retrieved from