The Dwindling of Physics as an Examination Subject in Secondary Schools in Garissa District

  • Barrack Muharo North Eastern Province Technical Training Institute, Garissa, Kenya
Keywords: Physics, science, examinations,


The purpose of the paper was to establish prevalence of internalized stigma among students living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The study assessed the current prevalence of levels of internalized stigma among students living with HIV in institutions of higher learning, the association of social demographic characteristics, health status, social supports, status disclosure and ARV adherence with internalizing stigma among HIV positive students. The study is informed by the PEN3 Model. Mixed-methods sequential explanatory design was adopted. The study target population was 33 HIV positive students drawn from higher learning institutions in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. A census survey was used. Data of HIV positive students was obtained from counselor officers. Primary data was collected using questionnaires. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics such as mean and frequencies. In addition, Pearson Correlation was used to test the hypotheses. Findings showed that there is high level of internalized stigma among HIV students in these institutions. Correlation results showed that parents occupation, age, parents level of education, health status, social supports and ARV adherence were significantly correlated with internalizing stigma in HIV positive students. However, adherences to ARV and social support were negatively correlated with internalized stigma. Based on the study findings, collaborative efforts and policies are necessary to enhance effective interventions aimed at reducing internalized stigma in learning institutions, and for directing government and school-based policies and practices towards improving students with HIV right to education, empowerment and support.

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How to Cite
Muharo, B. (2016). The Dwindling of Physics as an Examination Subject in Secondary Schools in Garissa District. Africa Journal of Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 1(1), 217-227. Retrieved from