Applicability of the YouTube as a Pedagogical Tool in Technical and Vocational Education and Training

  • Benson Odongo Wandago Daystar University
  • Ayub Mutua Mwangi Daystar University
  • Jenje Bozo University of Nairobi
  • Rita Mwabonje Mombasa Technical Training Institute
  • Peter Kihu Miano Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology, Kenya
Keywords: Pedagogy, TVET, multimedia, YouTube, training, technology


Development in information technology has brought with it a multiplicity of measures for publishing and accessing information and instructional resources which can be harnessed for TVET. This study was conducted to establish if YouTube content can be applied in TVET which currently faces numerous challenges despite its importance to the economy. The study aimed at establishing the level of YouTube usage among trainers in TVET institutions; the number of trainers who developed YouTube content for training and identifying challenges and limitations of this online resource. These range from few instructors, inadequate facilities and capacities to cater for the large number of those who complete primary and secondary education and wish to undertake TVET. The study involved 10 instructors and 128 students sampled from the Technical University of Mombasa (TUM) and the Mombasa Technical Training Institute which are the government institutions that offer TVET within Mombasa County. Data for the study was collected through face to face interviews and self-administered questionnaires with predetermined responses which were administered to students and members of faculty. The study yielded both quantitative and qualitative data whose analysis indicate that students often use YouTube to complement classroom instruction, such content made it easy to understand processes, operation of machines, programs and software. It was also established that most of the material accessed by the learners was developed in the west and other parts of the world. The study also found out that local trainers were hesitant to develop YouTube content due to low multimedia content development capacity. The study concludes that YouTube videos and narrations can be applied to complement lecture led classroom instruction. It therefore recommends that use of YouTube and other multimedia tools should be given prominence in TVET. It further argues that instructors in TVET institutions should be trained on online content development to increase the amount of local content shared on the internet platform. The paper however suggests that despite its applicability, YouTube should only be used as a complement but not substitute class room instructors.

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How to Cite
Wandago, B., Mwangi, A., Bozo, J., Mwabonje, R., & Miano, P. (2017). Applicability of the YouTube as a Pedagogical Tool in Technical and Vocational Education and Training. Africa Journal of Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 2(1), 106-114. Retrieved from