Challenges Facing Implementation of Distance Education in Kenya
AbstractIn the world we are living in today, teaching and learning in the class room setting is being complemented by virtual and distance modes. This has been precipitated by the ease of access to information through the use of the internet and web technology. The development of distance education in Kenya has evolved over a period with some institutions of higher learning having programmes in distance education mode. Each institution has done this on its own volition without any guidelines from the governing authority. However, the rate of literacy and access to higher education in Kenya remains a challenge. Efforts to use distance education successfully in Kenya are still hindered by numerous problems despite efforts that have been taken to solve them. There seems to be some inertia by institutions to change this mode of education. This paper reviews issues and challenges on provision of distance education in Kenya through use of secondary data from previously published works. An analysis of the major issues facing distance education in Kenya is made. It is noted that several challenges influence implementation of distance education in Kenya. Factors responsible for this situation are identified as limitations of network infrastructure, ineffective policy framework and social and financial among others. The use of information and communications technology for education in the form of distance education holds promise and this paper recommends that teacher education embrace lifelong learning and follow the UNESCO-NIR guide for upgrade and preparation for distance facilitation. It also recognizes that there is need for consideration of socio-economic factors and improvement of network connectivity to enhance in improved literacy rate and access to higher education through distance learning in Kenya.
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