Issues Affecting the Greening of TVET Programs for Sustainable Development in Kenya: A Case of TVET Institutions in Nairobi County

  • Calvin Miseda Were University of Eldoret, Kenya
  • Ferej Ahmed University of Eldoret, Kenya
Keywords: TVET programs, sustainable development, green skills


Kenya’s Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) institutions are adept at developing new skill training and educational programs to meet the changing green labour market. The issues of responding to a green economy, environmental sustainability, climate change and mitigation are different in different sectors of the economy. TVET institutions face the prospect of systemically transforming education and training programs with limited market intelligence and an increasing sense of urgency. This paper explores the issues affecting the greening of TVET programs in Kenya for sustainable development. The study was guided by the implementation evaluation model Jansen (2010), which examined the differences between what are intended, what has happened or other aspects of the program that should be accepted. Descriptive survey design was adopted and a mixed research that incorporated quantitative and qualitative approaches was used. The study employed simple random, stratified and proportionate probability sampling techniques. There were 20 TVET institutions in Nairobi County and the researcher sampled 15 teachers in every institution hence the sample size was 300. Using simple random sampling, the respondents were stratified into departments and questionnaires administered. Data collected was processed, coded and analyzed to facilitate the answering of the research questions using descriptive statistics. The findings show that there was insufficient integrated sustainable development content training, lesser promotion of technical skills for a transition to a greener economy, insufficient enhanced policy coherence and coordinated implementation of training and inadequate curriculum development and implementation strategies. TVET sector should therefore integrate sustainable development into training and enhance policy coherence and coordinated implementation of education and training.

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How to Cite
Were, C., & Ahmed, F. (2018). Issues Affecting the Greening of TVET Programs for Sustainable Development in Kenya: A Case of TVET Institutions in Nairobi County. Africa Journal of Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 3(1), 2-12. Retrieved from