The Priorities to Guarantee Sustainability of Universal Primary Education in Rwenzori Region in Western Uganda
AbstractThis study examined priorities for sustainability of Universal Primary Education (UPE) in the Rwenzori Region Western Uganda. Uganda has struggled to meet the requirements for sustainable primary education. Rwenzori is one region in Uganda that has been extremely affected by civil and tribal wars, disease and poverty among other social problems in the country. This study was guided by the Systems Theory as propounded by Ludwig Von Bertalanffy in 1969. The target population for the study was primary school teachers, head teachers, School Management Committee Members (SMCM), Quality Assurance Officers, District Education Officers, District Inspectors of Schools and Officials (DISOs) from the Ministry of Education and Sports of Uganda. The sample was selected using probability and non-probability sampling techniques and a cross-sectional survey design was adopted in all sampled primary schools in the Rwenzori region. Qualitative and quantitative methodology guided the collection of reliable data and by use of a questionnaire and analysed using inferential and descriptive statistical methods. The findings of this study established that priorities were in place in some schools, especially those in semi urban areas to ensure the sustainability of UPE. These included: provision of funds, provision of good learning environment, good infrastructure; working to enhance students’ interests in education; provision of good supervisory services, administration, accommodation and feeding programmes. However, these factors were not found to be sufficient to guarantee sustainability of UPE in the Rwenzori region and perhaps other regions in Uganda that experience similar challenges. In addition, the study found that adequate funding is very paramount to the success and sustainability of UPE in Uganda.
Article Views and Downloands Counter
Von_ Bertalanffy_Ludwig_ General_System_Theory_1968.pdf
Bruns, B., Alain, M., & Ramahatra, R. (2003). Achieving universal primary education by 2015. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/World Bank. 1818 H Street, NW Washington, DC 20433
Duflo, E. (2001). The medium run effects of educational expansion: evidence from a large school construction program in Indonesia. https://economics.mit.edu/ files/729
Glewwe, P., & Kremer, M. (2006). Schools, teachers and education outcomes in developing countries. Second Draft of Chapter for Handbook on the Economics of Education. Harvard University, Brookings Institution. Center for Global Development, & NBER.
IOB. (2006). From project aid towards sector support, an evaluation of the sector wide approach. Rotterdam: Dhaka.
Jamison, D. T., Searle, B., Galda, K., & Heyneman, S. P. (1981). Improving elementary mathematics education in Nicaragua: an experimental study of the impact of textbooks and radio on achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 73(4), 556-567. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-06220.127.116.116
Kagolo, C. B. (2010). Government disputes UPE report. Retrieved August 4, 2014 from The NewVision "Uganda's leading website" http://www.newvision. co.ug/D/8/13/734997#
Kakuru, M. D. (2003). Gender sensitive education policy and practice, Uganda case study. Kampala: Makerere University, Department of Sociology.
Makau, B. M. (2001). A three-year primary teacher development and management
plan: A review. Kampala. Ministry of Education and Sports.
Mwesigye A. (2015). The advent of universal primary education (UPE) in Uganda: challenges and possible solution. Journal of Educational Research and Studies Vol. 3(1), pp. 1-12, January, 2015 https:www.peakjournals.org/sub-journals- JERS.html ISSN: 2329-3039.
Mwesigwa, A. (2015). Uganda’s success in universal primary education falling apart. Kampala (http://www.theguardian.com/globa.development/2015/ apr/23/
MoES. (1999). The Uganda experience of universal primary education (UPE). Kampala. MoES.
MOES. (2001a). Fact File. Ministry of Education and Sports. www.education.go.ug/
Oonyu, J. C. (2012). A count down to 2015: Is Uganda on track? Assessment of progress attainment of EFA goals in Uganda. Kampala, Uganda: Uganda National Commission for UNESCO.