Organization Strategies on Efficacy in the Administration of Finances in Public Early Childhood Development Education Centers in Kenya

  • Sammy Kipkemboi Chumba Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya
Keywords: ECDE, communication, organization, efficacy, administration


Early Childhood Development Education (ECDE) refers to the education that children receive during the early stage of their childhood. It aims at the holistic development of a child’s social, emotional, cognitive and physical needs in order to build a solid and broad foundation for lifelong learning and wellbeing. This study was designed to examine the effects of organizational strategies on efficacy in the administration of finances in public ECDE centers in Kenya. The study target population was 1728 ECDE teachers, 422 Head teachers and 422 School Management Committee (SMC) chairpersons in Uasin-Gishu in Kenya. The sample size for this study was based on a sample size determination formula by Krejcie and Morgan. Schools were stratified to their quotas. A sample size of 224 ECDE teachers, 55 Head teachers and 55 SMC chairpersons responded to the questionnaires. The data obtained was analyzed using frequencies, percentages, means and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. The study findings indicate that there was no budget preparation in pre- schools based on schools’ vision. The study found a significant correlation between planning strategies and financial management efficacies. It also emerged that signatories to the pre-school accounts had questionable integrity. It is recommended that ministry of education should establish that communication mechanisms be put in place to lobby for financial support of ECDE programs from different stakeholders. It is hoped that the findings of this study will be of great importance to policy makers on understanding the best strategies that if implemented would promote efficacies in the administration of ECDE funds


Allis, R. P. M. (2004). Financial management: Ratio analysis zero to one million. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Los Angeles: Sage.

Elimu Yetu Coalition. (2014). Reform agenda for education sector in Kenya: Setting beacons for, policy and legislative framework. Nairobi, Kenya.

Erwin, D. G. & Garman, A. N. (2010). Resistance to organizational change: Linking research and practice. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 31 (1), 39-56.

Fleming, G. (2009). Strategic plan for students: A roadmap to success: Heinman Professional Publishing.

Fox, J., & Bartholomae, S. (2008). Financial education and program evaluation. In J. J. Xiao (Ed.), Handbook of Consumer Finance Research (pp. 47–68). New York, NY: Springer.

Government of Kenya. (2005). Sessional paper No. 1: A policy framework for education training and research. Nairobi: Government Printers, Kenya.

Jane, J. M., Rotich, S. K., & Kiprop, C. (2014). Challenges facing school board of management in the implementation of the procurement policy in Kenya. Global Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, 3(3), 104-112.

Kenya Institute of Education. (1987). Early childhood education in Kenya: implications on policy and practice. Jadini Seminar Report. Nairobi: KIE,

Kenya Institute of Education. (2009). Curriculum support materials. Print and electronic mediacatalogue. Nairobi: KIE

Kibera, W. K & Kimokoti, A. (2007). Fundamentals of sociology of education with reference to Africa. Nairobi: University of Nairobi Press.

Kindiki, J. N. (2009). Effectiveness of boards of governors in curriculum implementation in secondary schools in Kenya. Educational Research and Review 4 (5) 260-266.

Kothari, C. R. (2008). Research methodology: Methods and techniques (2nd Ed). Age, New Delhi: International Publishers.

Mestry, R. (2004). Financial accountability: The principal or the school governing body. South African Journal of Education, 24: 126-134.

Ministry of Education, Science & Technology. (2005). Policy review report: early childhood care and education in Kenya. The Section for Early Childhood and Inclusive Education, Education Sector. Paris: UNESCO.

Ministry of Education, Science & Technology. (2010). Educational statistical booklet 2003-2007. Nairobi: Government Printers.

Mwaura, A. M. (2009). Quality of pedagogical ecology and its effect on cognitive development of children from community-based pre-schools in Kenya, Uganda and Zanzibar. Unpublished Dissertation. Kenyatta University.

Olembo. J. O. (2005). Financing secondary education in Kenya. Nairobi: Bureau of Education Research.

Otieno, H. O. (2013). Effects of board of governor’s decision making in the management of public secondary schools in Uriri District. Kenya International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development 2 (3) 105-113.

Republic of Kenya. (2005a). National early childhood development policy framework Nairobi: Government printers.

Republic of Kenya. (2006b). Delivering quality equitable education and training to all Kenyans. Kenya Education Sector Support Programme (KESSP) 2005-2010. Nairobi: Government Printer.

Republic of Kenya. (2005). The Sessional paper No. 1 of 2005 on a policy framework for education, training and research. Nairobi: Government Printers.

Republic of Kenya. (2009a). Vulnerable/marginalized groups planning framework (VMGPF). Nairobi: Ministry of Education.

Republic of Kenya. (2012). Sessional paper no.14 of 2012 on reforming education and training sectors in Kenya. Nairobi: Government Printers.

UNESCO/OECD. (2005). Early childhood policy review project: The background report of Kenya. UNESCO.

UNESCO. (2009). EFA global monitoring report: Overcoming inequality: Why governance matter. Paris: Oxford University Press.

UNICEF. (2002). A world fit for children: Millennium development goals special session on children documents. The Convention on the Rights of the Child.

World Bank. (2010). Educational notes, education for all. Amazon; World BankPublications.
How to Cite
Chumba, S. (2018). Organization Strategies on Efficacy in the Administration of Finances in Public Early Childhood Development Education Centers in Kenya. Africa Journal of Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 3(1), 57-67. Retrieved from