Administrative Strategies to Address Wastage in Public Primary Schools in Arid and Semi-arid Areas of Kenya

  • Fredrick Kipkoech Serem Kisii University, Eldoret, Kenya
Keywords: Wastage, education policy, institutional policy, school-Based


The purpose of this study was to investigate the strategies to eradicate wastage in public primary schools in Baringo County. The objectives of the study were to: assess the education polices and institutional processes, school-based, house hold and community based and student related strategies that may be used to eradicate wastage in public primary schools in Baringo County. The study was guided by the Social Darwinism Theory of Equal Opportunities. The study adopted a mixed method research design. The target population comprised of 6 sub-county District Quality Assurance and Standards Officers (DQASOs), 370 head teachers, 2960 teachers and 370 parents from 370 public primary schools. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 36 head teachers, 36 parents and 6 Sub county DQASOs. Simple random technique was used to select 289 teachers to participate in the study. Questionnaire, interview schedule and document analysis were the tools of data collection. Data obtained was organized, coded and analyzed using qualitative and quantitative techniques. Pearson Product Moment Correlation was computed to assess relationships between the variables and findings were presented in form of tables, charts and graphs. The study findings revealed that in order to address wastage in schools, a number of factors, strategies and their linkages needed to be investigated. School factors that dispirit students from continuing with their education unattractive school condition policy irregularities were some of the examples that could act as push factor to students. Both demand and supply driven factors play a role in the process of school dropout and therefore they should be addressed as one. The study concluded that activating and strengthening guidance and counseling in schools were the best solutions for dropout in schools; high student-teacher ratio contributed more to dropping out in schools cultural impact or harassment favoured pupils drop-out from school and that making educational materials more available would enhance schools internal efficiency.

Article Views and Downloands Counter

Download data is not yet available.


Abagi, O. (2009). Efficacy of primary education in Kenya: Situational analysis and implicationfor educational reform: Discussion Paper No.004/97. Nairobi: IPAR.

Bernard, A. (2005). Education for all. Children are excluded. EFA 2000. Thematic Paper. Paris: UNESCO.

Kabuku, M. M. (2012). Cohort wastage rates in primary schools in Central Division, Embu West District, Embu County. (Unpublished Masters Dissertation). Kenyatta University. Kenya

Kimatu, F . N. (2007). Wastage in primary schools in Kibera Division Nairobi. (Unpublished Masters Dissertation). Kenyatta University.

Kimondo, C. (2007). Girls beat boy in attendance. teachers image. A Quarterly Magazine by the TSC, pp. 31. Vol.14

MoE, (2009). The education sector report review. Nairobi Ministry of Education. Kenya.

Mugenda, O. & Mugenda, A. (2003). Research methods: Quantitative and qualitative approaches. Nairobi. African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTs).

Munyiri, L. W. (2007). The causes of dropping out in primary schools in Mukogodo Division, in Laikipia District, Kenya. (Unpublished Masters Dissertation). University of Nairobi.

Mwaniki, M. (2008). Pregnancies kick girls out of school. The Daily Nation. P.5. Nafula, N. (2001). Achieving sustainable universal primary education debt relief. Nairobi: KIPRA.

Obunga, P. A. (2011). Factors influencing dropout rates for girls in public primary schools in Malanga Zone, Siaya District Kenya. (Unpublished Masters Dissertation). University of Nairobi

Republic of Kenya. (2009). Educational statistical booklet (2008-2009). Nairobi: Ministry of Education.

Smith, R. (2003). School dissatisfaction: Africa growing problem. International Journal in School Dissatisfaction, 1(1):7-12.

Tonkei, N. R. (2008). Factors that contribute to dropout among girls in public primary schools in Olokurto Division of Narok District, Kenya (Unpublished Master Dissertation). University of Nairobi.

UNESCO. (2008). EFA global monitoring report 2010. Reaching the marginalized, Paris. UNESCO Publishing.

Wangui, B. (2008, September 10) Alarms over boys dropout in central province. The East African Standard p.13.

World Bank. (2004). Cost, financing and school effectiveness of education in Malawi. A future of limited choices and endless opportunities. African Region Human Development Working Paper Session 8, Washington DC: World Bank.

Yusuf, M. A. (2014) Wastage of secondary education in Ekiti South Senatorial District of Ekiti State. International Journal of Asian Social Science. 4(12),1155-1
How to Cite
Serem, F. (2018). Administrative Strategies to Address Wastage in Public Primary Schools in Arid and Semi-arid Areas of Kenya. Africa Journal of Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 3(1), 45-56. Retrieved from