Empowerment of Women through Technical Education, Training and Employment in Africa

  • Felista W Maina Thika Technical Training Institute
Keywords: Technical education, training, women empowerment, TVET


The purpose of this research paper was to establish how access to education, technical training and employment opportunities for women affected their empowerment. This was motivated by the ever increasing disparities in both the economic and social dockets where women from across the globe are denied equal chances as opposed to men, be it in employment, politics and in other social arenas. It is argued that this not only affects the women individually but the global economy as a whole since there is underutilization of this available manpower. This paper adopted descriptive survey design and had a sample of 150 respondents which was derived through stratified random sampling. A self-structured questionnaire was used in the study. The paper established that women with technical education and with various training skills showed high responsibility, made their own rules, empowered their relationships, and were willing to empower other women. It recommends that women should be encouraged to take up technical education and contest for available employment opportunities to empower themselves for better jobs

Article Views and Downloands Counter

Download data is not yet available.


Africa Partnership Forum. (2007). Africa partnership forum evaluation report: A forum puts itself to test. http://www.g8.utoronto.ca/scholar/APF-2013.09.18_ Report_10.8.pdf

Bakker, I. (2007, September). Financing for gender equality and the empowerment of women: Paradoxes and possibilities. In United Nations’ Division for the Advancement of Women’s Expert Group Meeting on Financing for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women. Oslo, Norway.

Box, G. T. (2012). Supporting women’s economic empowerment: scope for SIDA’s engagement. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 9 (1), 7-30.

Coleman, T. & Susan, A., D. (2010). Constraints faced by women small business owners: Evidence from the data. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 7(2): 151-174.

Economic Commission for Africa. (2005). Promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment in Africa: Questioning the achievements and confronting the challenges ten years after Beijing. Report of 7th African Regional Conference on Women.

Eyben, R., & Napier-Moore, R. (2009). Choosing words with care? Shifting meanings of women's empowerment in international development. Third World Quarterly, 30(2), 285-300.

Inter-American Development Bank. (2010). Operational Policy on Gender Equality in Development Washington. Inter-American Development Bank.

Kabeer, N. (2012). Women’s economic empowerment and inclusive growth: Labour markets and enterprise development. International Development Research Centre. 19(2), 38-51.

Klugman, J., Hanmer, L., Twigg, S., Hasan, T., McCleary-Sills, J., & Santamaria, J. (2014). Voice and agency: Empowering women and girls for shared prosperity. London: World Bank Publications.

Lennie, J. (2002). Rural women’s empowerment in a communication technology

project: some contradictory effects. Rural Society, 12(3), 224-245.

McClelland, D. (1973). Testing for competence rather than for “intelligence’’. American sychologist, 28(4), 1-14.

Mugenda, O., & Mugenda, A. (2003). Research methods: Quantitative and qualitative methods. Nairobi: African Centre for Technology Studies.

Nwiro, E. (2012). Gender in Nigeria: calls for girls, women empowerment. This Day Newspaper, May 10, p.33.

OECD. (2011). Women’s economic empowerment. Issues paper Paris: OECD-DAC GENDERNET

Oyelude, A. A., & Bamigbola, A. A. (2013). Women empowerment through access to information: the strategic roles of non-governmental organizations in Nigeria. Online Submission, 3(2), 103-115.

The African Development Forum. (2008). Empowering African Women: Key Messages &practical Guide for Print & Electronic Media. United Nations Conference Centre, Addis Ababa: Ethiopia.

Tornqvist, A. & Schmitz, C. (2009) Women’s economic empowerment: Scope for Sida’s engagement. Working Paper December. Stockholm: SIDA

UNDP. (2008). Innovative approaches to promoting women’s economic empowerment. New York: UNDP.

United Nations. (2001). Guidelines on women’s empowerment for the UN resident coordinator system. Secretariat of the UN Inter-Agency Task Force on the Implementation of the ICPD Program of Action. New York: United Nations.

World Bank. (2006). World development report 2006. Equity and development. Washington: World Bank.

World Bank. (2007). Gender: Working towards greater equality, Gender equality as smart economics. A World Bank group action plan, Washington, DC: World Bank.

World Bank. (2009). “Equality for women, where do we stand?” Washington D.C: Cambridge University Press.
How to Cite
Maina, F. (2018). Empowerment of Women through Technical Education, Training and Employment in Africa. Africa Journal of Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 3(1), 128-139. https://doi.org/10.69641/afritvet.2018.3166